Just the Pictures (Germany) The Spree River with Museum Island (with the Bode Museum at its tip) and the Fernsehturm (“Berlin TV Tower”) in view. The Ishtar Gate (from Babylon, ca. 604-562 BC), on display in the Pergamon Museum. Closeup of a lion depicted on the glazed bricks on the Ishtar Gate. Glazed bricks from the Procession Street of Babylon. The Market Gate of Miletus (a city on the western coast of Anatolia), built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian (117-138 AD). Center-view of the Market Gate of Miletus. Reconstruction of Assyrian schedulamassu, figures that once stood at the entrance to a chamber in a palace in Ancient Assyria. Relief depicting deities on both sides of a sacred tree, from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), ca. 883-859 BC. A limestone relief depicting warriors, taken from the palace of Darius I or Xerxes I in Persepolis (6th or 5th-century BC). A prayer niche from a mosque (Iran, 13th-century AD). A holy figure believed to represent the Madonna and Child (Iranian, 13th-century AD). Frieze taken from an Iranian palace (13th-century AD). A replica of a 7th-century AD Iranian silver hunting plate. The Mshatta Facade, which once made up part of the Umayyad residential palace of Qasr Mshatta (8th-century AD). Part of the wall paneling for the Aleppo Room, which comes from a banquet hall of a private residence in Aleppo’s Christian district (ca. 1600-1603 AD). The Berlin Cathedral next to the Spree River. ‘Three Girls and a Boy’ by Wilfred Fitzenreiter (1988 AD). View of the front of the Berlin Cathedral, which dates back to 1451 AD; however, its current form dates to 1905 AD. Interior of the Berlin Cathedral. Looking up at the dome inside the Berlin Cathedral. Looking at the Rotes Rathaus (“Red City Hall”), the town hall of Berlin, from the Berlin Cathedral. An angel trumpeter adorning the outside of the Cathedral. Looking at the Lustgarten (“Pleasure Garden”) in front of the Cathedral and the southwest section of Berlin. One last view of the Berlin Cathedral. The backside of ‘Three Women’ by Xu Hongfei (2015 AD). The Neue Wache (“New Guardhouse”), the Central Memorial of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Victims of War and Tyranny – originally a guardhouse for the Crown Prince of Prussia, it took on its current use in 1931 AD. The interior of the Neue Wache, which was designed by Heinrich Tessenow in 1931 AD. The Brandenburg Gate, a Neoclassical triumphal arch built in 1791 AD as a sign of peace. Another view of the Brandenburg Gate with economic ignoramuses in the foreground. The Reichstag building, completed in 1894 AD, infamously set on fire in 1933 AD, and current meeting place of the Bundestag (or “Federal Diet” – the “lower house” of the German Parliament). The Reichstag seen from the Platz der Republik. The Berlin Victory Column, built to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War. Another view of the Berlin Victory Column (Note: I did not see any angels hanging out on top during my visit). Statue of Otto von Bismarck. Bellevue Palace; it was built in 1786 AD and has been the official residence of the President of Germany since 1994 AD. Banner at Berlin Lollapalooza (the first Lollapalooza concert in Europe). Map for Berlin Lollapalooza, which was located at the former Berlin Tempelhof Airport. The old terminal building for Berlin Tempelhof Airport. A C-54 Skymaster on display at Tempelhof Airport; the C-54 was the standard aircraft used during the Berlin Airlift (1948-1949 AD). Strange promotional artwork for Berlin Lollapalooza. Razz performing on stage. The lead singer and drummer for Joywave. The band Everything, Everything. James Bay and his band. The Mighty Oaks. Franz Ferdinand & Sparks (FFS). Closeup of FFS lead singers Russell Mael and Alex Kapranos. Bastille performing their music. One of the singers of Deichkind shown on the big screen wearing his electronic pyramid head costume. Fatboy Slim performing at Berlin Lollapalooza. Another shot of Fatboy Slim. Dawes performing on the second day of Berlin Lollapalooza. The Coasts. Closeup of the lead singer for Wolf Alice. Brand New performing. The Stereophonics. My Morning Jacket playing at Berlin Lollapalooza. Belle & Sebastian. The lead singer of Belle & Sebastian surrounded by audience members he invited on stage to dance with him. The Beatsteaks. Sam Smith performing at Berlin Lollapalooza. Seeed (a German band) performing on the secondary main stage. Muse performing on the primary main stage at Berlin Lollapalooza. Muse performing a song from their latest album, ‘Drones’. Another shot of Muse. Matt Bellamy (lead singer of Muse) covered in fog. A woman attached to a giant balloon, floating over the crowds at the conclusion of Berlin Lollapalooza. The replica Checkpoint Charlie hut in the middle of the street (where the original once stood between East and West). Another view of the faux Checkpoint Charlie hut with male strippers playing the part of U.S. Army soldiers. A 200 meter section of the Berlin Wall, still standing, next to the Topography of Terror Museum (located at the former site of the Gestapo and SS headquarters). Chronological displays (covering the lead up to and full horror of the Second World War) outside of the Topography of Terror Museum, with the remains of the Berlin Wall behind them. An East German watchtower that once stood between the Brandenburg Gate and Leipziger Platz (it now stands near Potsdamer Platz). Potsdamer Platz. The area where the Führerbunker (the bunker where Hitler spent the last days of his life) once existed. The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (located south of the American Embassy, near the Brandenburg Gate). Walking through the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, which was built in 2004 AD and consists of 2,711 concrete slabs or “stelae.” Another photograph from inside the memorial. ‘The Chronicle of Cologne’ (1499 AD), on display inside the German Historical Museum. Small pavise (convex shield) with St. George and the arms of the city of Nuremberg (1480 AD). ‘The Golden Bull’ (1485 AD). Mace with hidden stiletto, commander’s staff of Cardinal Ascanio Maria Sforza (1500 AD). A Letter of Indulgence that was issued to a married couple, dated to August 15, 1503 AD. ‘Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences’ by Martin Luther (1517 AD). Field and jousting armor from the early 16th-century AD. ‘Augsburg Labors of the Months: Autumn (July, August, September)’ by Jörg Breu the Elder (1531 AD). Two-handed sword with sawfish blade (16th-century AD). A brutal and gory wooden sculpture of the Crucifixion of Christ (17th-century AD). ‘Mars and Venus or the Horrors of War’ – an allegory in connection with the Thirty Years’ War (17th-century AD). Left-hand dagger with spring blade (17th-century AD). An Imperial Eagle beaker from the 17th-century AD. A paper theater depicting the activity in a mine (1730 AD). Another paper theater, this time depicting a baroque garden scene (1730 AD). Guild sign for Butchers (1768 AD). Wheel-lock rifle of the Elector Friedrich Wilhelm of Brandenburg with the wheel-lock in the form of a lying stag (1746 AD). An anatomical model of a pregnant woman (ca. 1700 AD). Uniform of Frederick the Great (reign: 1740-1786 AD). Napoleon’s bicorne from the Battle of Waterloo (June 18, 1815 AD). ‘The King Everywhere’ by Robert Müller (1886 AD). Uniform with officer’s decorations from the Garde du Corps regiment, Potsdam garrison (1900 AD). Image of crowds gathered outside a landed Zeppelin – made for a stereoscope. Heavy machine gun, Model 1908, with gun mount (1914 AD). Banknotes during Germany’s Inflation Period (1923 AD). ‘Mein Kampf’ (the first of two volumes) by Adolf Hitler (1925 AD). Tin and cardboard boxes for cigarettes (ca. 1915-1930 AD). ‘Transparent Human’, a model designed for the 2nd International Hygiene Conference in Dresden, 1930 AD. The interior of a doll’s house that was made in 1933 AD and is decorated with National Socialist leaders and wallpaper depicting Hitler Youth scenes – designed to indoctrinate Germany’s youth. A gas bed for infants and toddlers (1940-1945 AD). Special edition of the Southern German Newspaper announcing the sentences for the Nuremberg Trial (October 1, 1946 AD). The Spree River with the Fernsehturm (“Berlin TV Tower”) in the background. The New Synagogue in Berlin, built in 1866 AD. Skewered sausages and vegetables (currywurst, Thüringer roast sausage, Nürnberger sausage, leeks, onions, and peppers), bread, and beer. Nuremberg Main Railway Station. The Spittlertor, one of the four main gates through Nuremberg’s old city wall. The Way of Human Rights, a monument in Nuremberg. Building on the corner of Karolinenstraße and Königstraße. The façade of St. Lorenz Church, built in 1477 AD. Buildings on the Pegnitz River in Nuremberg. The Fleisch Bridge, over the Pegnitz River, built in 1596-1598 AD. Statue based on the satire ‘Ship of Fools’ (written by Sebastian Brant in 1494 AD), created by sculptor Jürgen Weber in 1987 AD. The Frauenkirche (“Church of Our Lady”), built in 1361 AD, seen from the Grand Market in Nuremberg. A closer view of the Church of Our Lady. Interior of the Church of Our Lady. Street on the east side of Nuremberg’s town hall. Gooseherd Fountain in Nuremberg. The Schürstabhaus. St. Sebaldus Church, which dates back to 1225 AD. The altar inside St. Sebaldus Church, with the shrine of St. Sebaldus in the background. Closeup of two of the twelve carved snails that support the shrine of St. Sebaldus. A single rose with the shrine behind it. Looking down Albrecht-Dürer-Straße. The Albrecht Dürer House, where the artist lived from 1509 to 1528 AD (when he died). The Tiergärtnerplatz, seen from the Albrecht Dürer House. The “Wanderer Room” inside the Albrecht Dürer House. Albrecht Dürer’s studio. A stained glass window inside the Albrecht Dürer House. View of the old town from Nuremberg Castle. Sinwell Tower and the Deep Well (the small building in the middle). View of Tiergärtnerplatz and the Albrecht Dürer House, from the castle. The Imperial Chapel, built in the 13th-century AD. Looking at the Inner Courtyard and Inner Castle Gate from the Bower. A mold for compressing pyrotechnic charges for rockets (17th or 18th-century AD). A rocket launcher from the 17th-century AD. Fire balls from the 17th or 18th-century AD. An artillery tool used to determine the inclination angle of the cannon. Pikes, halberds, and glaives (16th to 17th-century AD) The forecourt with Secretarial building on the left and the Deep Well on the right. The exterior of Sinwell Tower. Looking up inside Sinwell Tower. View of Nuremberg from the top of Sinwell Tower. Looking at Heathens’ Tower and the Inner Castle Gate from Sinwell Tower. Sculpture adorning the corner of a building on the Tiergärtnerplatz. ‘The Hare – Homage to Dürer’ by Jürgen Goertz (1984 AD). Façade of the Fembo House, a large late Renaissance merchant’s house (now the location of the city’s museum). The façade of Nuremberg’s town hall. The exterior apse of St. Sebaldus Church. Building along the Hauptmarkt in Nuremberg. A giant keg parked in the Hauptmarkt alongside a food stall. Looking at the Pegnitz River from Heubrücke Bridge. Building alongside and over the Pegnitz River, seen from Marientormauer Bridge. Part of the city wall around Nuremberg’s old town. The Königstor (“King’s Gate”), seen from outside the city wall. The medieval shopping and handcrafts area just inside Königstor. A wheat beer and a Franconian marinated pot roast with apple slices and a wine braised red cabbage. The exterior of the Zeppelin Grandstand, seen from Zeppelinstraße. The Zeppelin Grandstand, which overlooked Zeppelin field, the central venue during the Nazi Party rallies. Another view of the Zeppelin Grandstand, which was designed by Albert Speer and inspired by the Pergamon Altar. The opposite view of the Zeppelin Grandstand. Structures along one of the sides of Zeppelin Field. Congress Hall (“Kongresshalle”), seen from across Dutzendteich Lake. The Great Street (“Große Straße”), which was intended to be the central axis of the Nazi Party rallies and a parade road for the Wehrmacht. Inside the unfinished Congress Hall, which was intended for NSDAP congresses during the Nazi Party rallies. Entrance to the Documentation Center for Nazi Party Rally Grounds (located in the north wing of Congress Hall). The inside of Congress Hall, seen from an overlook out of the Documentation Center for Nazi Party Rally Grounds. The Hall of Honor (“Ehrenhalle”), built in 1929 AD to commemorate the 9,855 Nuremberg soldiers killed in World War I. Looking out from the Hall of Honor, where the Totenehrung (“honoring of dead”) ceremony occurred during the Nazi Party rallies. The Hall of Honor seen from across Luitpold grove. The eastern wing of the Nuremberg Palace of Justice, where Courtroom 600 (the site of the Nuremberg trials) is located. A US Army foot locker that was used to transport evidence for the prosecution during the Nuremberg trials. Benches used by the defendants (in front: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel; behind: Karl Dönitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, and Alfred Jodl) during the Nuremberg trials. Courtroom 600, the setting for the Nuremberg trials. Buildings along Fürther Straße. A “wolf” cigarette dispenser. Sign at the entrance to the Nuremberg Old Town Festival, located on Insel Schütt (the island in the middle of the Pegnitz River, on the east side of the old town). Crowds watching the ceremonies for the Nuremberg Old Town Festival. Restaurants set up for the festival. My meal at the Nuremberg Old Town Festival: a pork shoulder roast and dumpling served in a pool of gravy, a mixed salad, and beer. A stall selling various sausage links in Nuremberg’s Hauptmarkt. The arch building on the east side of Nuremberg’s town hall. St. Sebaldus Church at sunset. The Hauptmarkt and the Church of Our Lady at sunset. Another view of the Church of Our Lady. The façade of St. Sebaldus Church. The White Tower seen from Breite Gasse. St. Elizabeth Church in Nuremberg. The White Tower at sunset with a rainbow in the sky, seen from Jakobsplatz. A narrow street in Nuremberg basking in the sun’s waning rays. The old city wall and Frauentormauer Straße at sunset. The Spittlertor at sunset. German beer and chocolates – a fantastic way to end the day. The Oktoberfest grounds, located in Thereisienwiese in Munich (opening day, September 19, 2015). Another view of Oktoberfest’s setting. The towers outside of the Löwenbräu and Winzerer Fähndl beer halls. The entrance to the Winzerer Fähndl beer garden and hall, which is obviously supported by Paulaner. The Bavaria Statue and the Hall of Fame. Inside the Winzerer Fähndl beer hall. Another view of the interior of the beer hall with its central gazebo. The opening ceremony for Oktoberfest inside the Winzerer Fähndl beer hall. A server carrying 12 liters of Paulaner beer to some thirsty patrons. The glass washing machine used inside the beer hall. One last view inside the Winzerer Fähndl beer hall on the opening day of Oktoberfest 2015. The Spatenbräu beer carriage. The Hacker-Pschorr beer hall. Inside the Hacker-Pschorr beer hall. The gazebo inside the Hacker-Pschorr beer hall. The Augustiner Bräu beer hall. Inside the Augustiner Bräu beer hall. The Hofbräu beer hall. Inside the Hofbräu beer hall. The Ochsenbraterei (Spatenbräu) beer hall. Inside the Ochsenbraterei (Spatenbräu) beer hall. The Fischer Vroni beer hall (for those who prefer to eat fish over pork with their beer), supported by Augustiner brewery. Inside the Fischer Vroni beer hall. The Marstall beer hall, supported by Spaten-Franziskaner-Bräu. Inside the Marstall beer hall. The Armbrustschützen beer hall, supported by Paulaner brewery. Inside the Armbrustschützen beer hall. View of the animal busts decorating the interior of the Armbrustschützen beer hall. The Schottenhamel beer hall, supported by Spaten-Franziskaner-Bräu. Inside the Schottenhamel beer hall. The Pschorr-Bräurosl beer hall, supported by Hacker-Pschorr brewery. Inside the Pschorr-Bräurosl beer hall. Gingerbread hearts for sale at Oktoberfest. The Löwenbräu beer hall. Inside the Löwenbräu beer hall. The Weinzelt (or “Wine Tent”), supported by the Nymphenburger Sekt cellars. Inside the Weinzelt. The Ferris wheel at Oktoberfest. Oktoberfest seen from the top of the Ferris Wheel. A more down-to-earth view of the goings-on at Oktoberfest. Käfer’s Wies’n-Schänke beer hall, supported by Paulaner brewery. The beer garden outside Käfer’s Wies’n-Schänke beer hall. Inside Käfer’s Wies’n-Schänke beer hall. The Schützen-Festzelt beer hall, supported by Löwenbräu brewery. Inside the Schützen-Festzelt beer hall. The north exit of the Oktoberfest grounds – “Auf Wiedersehen!” The Palace of Justice in Munich. Karlstor, a Gothic gate located on the westerly side of Munich’s old city wall. Façade of St. Michael’s Church, built in 1597 AD. Lovely building at the corner of Kaufingerstraße and Augustinerstraße. Munich’s New Town Hall at Marienplatz. The Rathaus-Glockenspiel (on the tower of the New Town Hall), which chimes and re-enacts two stories from the 16th-century AD everyday at 11:00. A building arch over Sparkassenstraße, with the Old Town Hall on the left. Isartor, the most easterly of Munich’s three remaining Gothic gates. The Father Rhine fountain, located on an island in the Isar River. Part of the Isar River with the Müller’sche Volksbad building in the background. The Old Town Hall of Munich. Statue of a man standing on a steel beam, located at the entrance to the Kaufingertor Passage shopping center. ‘Fountain Boy’ by Matthias Gasteiger (1895 AD), located near Karlstor.